Victoria Earle Matthews was a civil rights activist, club woman, and editor of the Boston newspaper, the Woman's Era. Born in slavery in Georgia in 1861, Matthews educated herself after arriving in New York after the Civil War, and became a popular reporter in both the mainstream and African American press. Matthews was a supporter of Ida B. Wells during her forced exile from Memphis. Matthews founded the Woman's Era in 1894, and the paper showcased African American organizations, and consistently condemned lynching. "Shame on such a government!" wrote Matthews in an 1894 editorial. "The administration in power is particeps criminis with the murderers. It can stop lynching, and until it does so, it has on its hands the innocent blood of its murdered citizens."